Find All Messages More Than Ten Days Old


You want to run a message report like Get-MessageTrace but for messages older than 10 days.


Use the Start-HistoricalSearch cmdlet and specify the -ReportType parameter as MessageTrace.


This command will need many parameters. Use Splatting to improve readability.

$ReportParameters = @{
    StartDate = "04/01/2022"
    EndDate = "04/07/2022"
    ReportTitle = "Message Trace April 01" 
    ReportType = "MessageTrace"
    NotifyAddress = "" # address must be in your org
    RecipientAddress = ""

Check the help on the Start-HistoricalSearch cmdlet for all available parameters. When you are ready to begin the job run this:

Start-HistoricalSearch @ReportParameters

You’ll receive output that includes a JobId. If you want to stop the search, use the JobId in the Stop-HistoricalSearch cmdlet.

JobId                                SubmitDate           ReportTitle            Status     Rows 
-----                                ----------           -----------            ------     ---- 
7361e4e0-a427-49fe-b50a-9ace93e48554 4/30/2022 7:03:45 PM Message Trace April 01 NotStarted 0


Exchange Online creates the report in a comma-separated value (CSV) format. The CSV report is limited to 50,000 lines. When the report is ready, an email with download link is sent to the -NotifyAddress. The -ReportTitle will be in the email subject. Microsoft limits the number of searches to 250 in a 24 hour period1. Stopped reports count against the 250 quota. This report is limited in how far back it can look.

This report can be run on messages that are less than 90 days old.

  1. The Description section of Start-HistoricalSearch help has the quota details